1st March 1989: Wales Today
paramilitary troops of Byddin Rhyddid Cymru
(The Free Wales Army
), a paramilitary Welsh nationalist organisation, seized Broadcasting House in Cardiff and declared independence from England. Julian Cayo-Evans, the FWA
leader who had been imprisoned in for conspiracy to cause explosions in 1969, broadcast an appeal on BBC Cymru Wales
to the country appealing for national unity and independence to "protect the Welsh nation and its peoples from the horrors that had engulfed England"
Unfortunately for Cayo-Evans whilst the FWA
did attract considerable popular support, notably from a number of police forces in the Principality, his plea for unity was not welcomed by all. Cymru Goch
(Red Wales) a left wing nationalist organisation with socialist and trade union support took to arms to resist the imposition of FWA
rule on Wales.
Additionally other nationalist paramilitary organisations such as Meibion Glyndŵr
(Sons of Glyndŵr), who had been waging a firebombing campaign since 1979 and Mudiad Amddiffyn Cymru
(The Movement for the Defence of Wales), an older nationalist group led by John Jenkins; opposed Cayo-Evans on a number of points of principle and made their own power plays often resulting in all out warfare between the nationalist groups.
The situation in Wales further worsened as militias such as the The Welsh Army for the Workers Republic
were formed (sometimes with covert English Republican or Royalist support), often on a regional or language basis, leading to the breakdown of the rule of law as alliances were formed (and often quickly broken) as the various paramilitaries attempted to control valuable resources such as the South Wales coalmines.